Producing organically means respecting the rules on organic farming. These rules are designed based on general and specific principles to promote environmental protection, maintain the biodiversity of Canada and build consumer trust in organic products. Such as:
- prohibition of the use of GMOs;
- limiting the use of artificial fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides;
- Prohibiting the use of hormones and restricting the use of antibiotics to only when necessary for animal health.
This means that organic producers need to adopt different approaches to maintaining soil fertility and plant health including:
- crop rotation;
- cultivation of nitrogen fixing plants and other green manure crops to restore the fertility of the soil;
- prohibition of use of mineral nitrogen fertilizers;
- to reduce the impact of weeds and pests, organic farmers choose resistant varieties and breeds and techniques encouraging natural pest control
Bio-fertilizers are ready to use live formulates of such beneficial microorganisms which on application to seed, root or soil mobilize the availability of nutrients by their biological activity in particular, and help build up the micro-flora and in turn the soil health in general.
Method of application of bio fertilizer:
- Types of bio fertilizer for mushroom
- Rate of application
- Mode of application
How bio-fertilizers are applied to crops:
- Seed treatment
- Seedling root dip
- Soil treatment
Successful organic farming requires considerable knowledge on the functioning and the possibilities of management of natural processes. Interest in learning about the possibilities to support natural processes to sustain and improve harvests is essential for successful organic farming. Farmers who are interested in adopting organic farming practices are recommended to get in contact with farmers in the area, who already practice organic farming to learn from them. Some farmers may be good at making compost, some at growing green manures, and some at making plant or manure tea. Learning from experienced farmers allows to get first-hand experience under local conditions, and thus to learn about the advantages and potential challenges related to implementing organic methods.
Supplements are applied in different stages of mushroom cultivation, for example at the end of the substrate preparation, prior to spawning to promote the vegetative growth throughout the substrate, or at the end of the spawn run (with the substrate fully colonized by mushroom mycelium) to promote the mushroom colonization in the casing material and enhance mushroom fructification. Studies show that nutritional-based supplements can be too rich and increase the risk of contamination, anaerobiosis and antibiosis, and subsequently lower yields. Furthermore, studies suggest that supplements should be cautiously used because excessive bed temperature (more than 300C) may kill the mycelium. Contrary to the conventional supplements, ACTINO supplement is based on bacteria and it does not cause any contamination or temperature change in the substrate. ACTINO mushroom supplement is an innovative “AgriTech” product that is applied at the spawn run stage to enhance nutrient uptake and yield, control contamination, and mitigate plant stress responses through an agronomic process.